Big Game Hunting
Pellet Guns and Rimfire Rifles
A pellet gun or rimfire rifle (e.g. .17 or .22 calibre) cannot be used
to hunt big game.
A centrefire rifle may be used to hunt big game only during
general (rifle) seasons. A centrefire rifle of .23 calibre or less is not
A shotgun may be used to hunt big game only during shotgun/
muzzleloader and general (rifle) seasons. A shotgun must be a
minimum of 20 gauge and shoot a single projectile (slug). The
magazine of a shotgun is not required to be plugged thereby
restricting the number of shells.
A muzzleloader may be used to hunt big game only during
muzzleloader, shotgun/muzzleloader and general (rifle) seasons.
The bore diameter must be a minimum .50 calibre for moose,
elk and black bear and a minimum .44 calibre for deer, caribou
and wolf, and shoot a single metal projectile, which may include
a sabot. While hunting during the muzzleloader deer season, a
hunter may not possess any other device (except a crossbow) that
may be used to kill big game. A shotgun with slugs may not be
used during the muzzleloader deer season.
A bow may be used to hunt big game only during archery and general (rifle) seasons. A bowhunter hunting big game must
not be in possession of a long bow or recurved bow requiring less
than 18.1 kg (40 lbs.) draw weight at 71 cm (28 in.) draw; or a compound bow set at less than 18.1 kg (40 lbs.) peak draw weight; or an arrow using a broadhead point less than 2.2 cm (7/8 in.) in
width. While hunting big game during an archery only season, a hunter must not possess any other device capable of killing big game.
Except under the authority of a Disabled Crossbow permit, no
person may hunt with a bow drawn, held, or released by a
mechanical device, except with a hand-held mechanical release
attached to the bowstring such that the person's own strength
draws and holds the bowstring.
Crossbows may be used only during muzzleloader and general
(rifle) seasons. A hunter must not be in possession of a crossbow
while hunting during archery or shotgun/muzzleloader seasons.
A person hunting big game must not be in possession of a crossbow
requiring less than 68 kg (150 lbs.) draw weight or an arrow using a
broadhead point less than 2.2 cm (7/8 in.) in width.
Under the authority of a Disabled Crossbow permit, a
permanently disabled archer may use a crossbow during an
Cartridges having a full metal cased hard point bullet (including military-type cartridges such as Full Metal Cartridge, Full Metal Jacket and Total Metal Cartridge) may not be used by or be in the possession of a big game hunter.
General (Rifle) Seasons
During a big game general (rifle) season, a hunter may use a centrefire rifle,
a shotgun (minimum 20 gauge) firing a single projectile, a muzzleloading firearm
of appropriate calibre firing a single projectile, a crossbow, archery equipment
or any combination of the above.
A person may not have or carry a loaded firearm in or on
any vehicle or discharge a firearm from any vehicle. A rifle or
shotgun is considered loaded if it has a live shell or cartridge
in the chamber, attached magazine or loading mechanism. A
muzzleloader, with a charge in the barrel, may be transported between hunting sites
only if the firing cap is removed or, in
the case of a flintlock, the flint is removed. When not
between hunting sites, the firing cap or flint must be removed and
the barrel must not contain a charge.